A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state (national government) to an inventor or their assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for the public disclosure of an invention.
The existing Indian Patent and Designs Act was enacted in 1911 and since then there have been substantial changes in the political and economic conditions of the country. The need for comprehensive law so as to ensure more effectively that patent rights are not worked to the detriment of the consumer or to the prejudice of trade of industrial development of the country was felt as early as 1948 and in that year the Government appointed the Patents Enquiry Committee to review the working of patents law in India. present bill contains comprehensive provisions to amend and consolidate the existing law and also contains amendments/recommendations by the Joint Committee. The Patent Bill having being passed by both the houses of Parliament received the assent of the President on 19th September, 1970. It came on the Statute Book as The Patents Act, 1970 (39 of 1970).
Invention must be new, useful and non-obvious. There are some exceptions to this, so inventions in spite of being new, non-obvious and useful cannot be patented under the Act.
Section 3 and 4 of the Indian Patents Act, 1970 lists the following as not being inventions within the meaning of the Act and therefore, being unpatentable:-
Apart from Civil and Criminal Matters, Family Matters to be added. “The firm deals with matters relating to matrimonial and family disputes, divorce, domestic violence disputes and disputes relating to custody of children and minors.”
Flat No. G-4, 3-4-543 & 544,
Laxmi Nilayam Apts,
Adj: YMCA Ground, Narayanaguda,
Hyderabad - 27.